There any many types of strains in the cannabis world but one thing is for sure, they are not all alike. Sativa and Indica breeds have been around since the 1700s and hybrid varieties have been more common lately than ever. Even the less known ruderalis type has been used consistently to breed auto-flowering strains. But did you know or care to understand what the difference is between the types?


Sativa plants are known to be tall and thin. They are native to warm climates thus making them attached to growing in the heat and outdoors. Normally, Sativas grow anywhere between 8 and 12 feet high. Some strains can surpass this and reach up to 25 feet tall in optimal conditions. Flowering can occur around 12 to 14 weeks.

Sativas are described as the ‘daytime’ type of marijuana and can be uplifting and energetic with strong cerebral effects. They work best to rid symptoms of ADD, fatigue, depression and certain mood disorders. Some people rely on Sativa to aid them with the flowing of ideas for artistic reasons or to remain focused on daily activities. Sativa cannabis can have a lighter, fruity aroma and can also taste earthy or piney.


Indica plants are short with dense branches and appear bushy amongst wide leaves. They also are known to have a deep purple color to the stocks of the plant. Indicas are grown to withstand much harsher environments and are best for indoor cultivation. These flowers can mature to 3 to 6 feet tall and have an early flowering time between 8 and 9 weeks.

Indicas are known for the vast healing traits it provides and is critical for retractable pain, anxiety, insomnia, muscle aches/spasms, headache, and migraines. Consumers tend to notice a sedating effect and an overpowering sense of relaxation. It’s most commonly used as a nightly type of marijuana rather than within the day. Indica breeds also have a significant sweet or sour scent and are often very potent. While both breeds naturally produce high levels of THC, Indicas tend to have more CBD than Sativas.


Hybrid strains are a combination of Sativa and Indica plants that provide the “best of both worlds.” They can be anything from 70% Indica and 30% Sativa to equal amounts to 80% Sativa and 20% Indica. If you want to break it down, hybrids can be one of three types:

  • Sativa Dominant Hybrids – These breeds can cause a relaxing body effect with a pleasurable head high and the ability to cope physically and mentally.
  • Balanced Hybrids (50/50) – These kinds make it ideal for cannabis consumers who are looking for a balanced mixed of Sativa and Indica.
  • Indica Dominant Hybrids – The Indica dominant types deliver an intense body high and are superb for people who need relief from pain, stress, anxiety, and insomnia.

Hybrids are also crossbred with hemp (ruderalis), which is the non-psychoactive cannabinoid of cannabis. It can aid some consumers with the medicinal side of the plant instead of mostly of the head high that THC is recognized for.